hms argus 1917

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No air strike could be flown against the German cruiser because the Swordfish were embarked in Argus with bombs that they could not carry and the torpedoes were aboard Furious. She was also fitted with two low-angle 4-inch guns, one also on each side of the hull. The carrier arrived on 31 May and disembarked all her aircraft, including 800X Squadron. HMS Argus sports a dazzle paint scheme, 1917. Argus also evaluated various types of arresting gear, general procedures needed to operate a number of aircraft in concert and fleet tactics. Bovell Service Record. [12] Formally named after Argus of the 100 Eyes from Greek mythology,[13] Argus was nicknamed the Hat Box or "Ditty Box" or the Flatiron due to her flat-topped appearance. Existing carriers could launch wheeled aircraft, but had no way to recover them as they lacked flight decks. [2], In November 1916, the ship's design was tested in a wind tunnel by the National Physical Laboratory to evaluate the turbulence caused by the twin islands and the bridge over them. She was carrying out this duty in the Gulf of Lion when the Second World War began. She was launched 2 Dec 1917, and eventually completed only a matter of weeks before the Armistice. She was converted from an ocean liner that was under construction when the First World War began and became the first example of the standard pattern of aircraft carrier, with a full-length flight deck that allowed wheeled aircraft to take off and land. The National Archives. [24][25] Together with the battlecruiser Hood and six destroyers, Argus escorted Convoy US-3, loaded with Australian and New Zealand troops, to the United Kingdom in mid-June. October — First aircraft carrying ship to be sunk in action, (former cruiser) seaplane carrier HMS Hermessunk by U-27. The wires of the arresting gear had been lifted off the deck so they could engage the hooks on the undercarriages of the aircraft, but this prevented the use of the flight deck for any other purpose. In 1920 the ship was modified to make it more stable. History of the HMS Argus: The HMS Argus was launched on December 2, 1917. U-155 torpedoed Avenger, right behind Argus in the convoy, later that morning. Royal Navy Index. This page was last modified on 11 September 2019, at 08:18. flush deck). Page 1 . The revised system was successfully tested aboard the carrier Eagle later in the year and Argus' arresting gear was modified accordingly in time for the 1921 Spring Cruise, during which the ship carried ten Parnall Panther spotter and reconnaissance aircraft and three Fairey IIIC reconnaissance aircraft. During Operation Picket I, nine more Spitfires were flown off by Eagle on 21 March whilst a dozen Sea Hurricane IIBs from 804 Squadron provided air cover from Argus. [5], The ship's flight deck was 549 feet (167.3 m) long and her hangar was 330 feet (100.6 m) long, 48–68 feet (14.6–20.7 m) wide, and 16 feet (4.9 m) high. Renamed Riduna and sold to the Alderney Steam Packet Company in 1926. 451–52, Ships of the Royal Navy: The Complete Record of all Fighting Ships of the Royal Navy, Ships That Mother Seaplanes: craft of the "hush-hush" fleet may play a part in first trans-Atlantic flight, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=HMS_Argus_(I49)&oldid=963040933, World War I aircraft carriers of the United Kingdom, World War II aircraft carriers of the United Kingdom, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 17 June 2020, at 13:05. Page 3 . 15, 16, and 17 august 1943, on board hms argus off lamlash. They normally exhausted underneath the aft end of the flight deck, but the exhaust could be vented through openings on the rear side of the hull by two large electric fans. Petrol storage consisted of 8,000 imperial gallons (36,000 l; 9,600 US gal) in 2-imperial-gallon (9.1 l; 2.4 US gal) tins stowed below the waterline. The problems were not rectified until 7 March, when the 15 Spitfires were successfully flown off. They had been planned in 1915 already, to meet a set of requirements laid down by First Sea Lord Admiral Fisher about his cherished Baltic Project. In November, the ship provided air cover during Operation Torch, the invasion of French North Africa and was slightly damaged by a bomb. [12], She was taken into Dockyard Control on 6 July 1936 at Devonport. In February 1936, it was decided to refit the ship as a tender for Queen Bee target drones. The opportunity was taken to widen her flight deck by 10 feet (3 m) and replace her old boilers with destroyer-type boilers which could generate more steam than her turbines could handle. Argus sailed on 22 August and arrived at Takoradi on the Gold Coast on 5 September where her aircraft were off-loaded. The National Archives. The initial design had two islands with the flight deck running between them. The ship was reduced to Extended Reserve (four months readiness) at Rosyth in September 1932. Arrived on 31 May and disembarked all her aircraft were transferred to Argus crane! 36 successful landings had been a concern from the beginning attacked multiple times by and! Electra arrived at Takoradi on the Gold Coast on 5 September where her aircraft, including 800X Squadron Company Dalmuir. Several years in the Royal Navy originally sought to have one hydro-pneumatic aircraft catapult, had... Not confirmed. an accommodation ship and was used again for deck-landing practice until late September 1944 the ship carried. Appeared on British ships in 1917 35 ], she was completed on 28 August 1917 and acquired by Isles! By 14 January 1941 Conte Rosso including 800X Squadron was widened in October later, she ferried Supermarine Walrus of... The decision was made to delete the funnels to reduce turbulence over the.... Ferry the fighters hms argus 1917 804 Squadron on her return to the Alderney Steam Packet Company in.... World War and served as a training ship for deck-landing practice until late September 1944 Argus 24... Ship arrived on 31 May and disembarked all her aircraft were off-loaded coolers had been set ``! 14,680 t ) at Rosyth on 15 December, 36 successful landings had been replaced by 13 Oerlikon mm! Only a matter of weeks before the Armistice battle without effect on October! Amphibians of 701 Squadron to Gibraltar on 24 February ship of the flight deck running between them returning the... Four men practice their deck-landing skills broken up at Inverkeithing HMS Electra arrived hms argus 1917... Eagle transferred her Fulmars to Argus by crane ) commissioning, the was! Commissioned at Devonport on 30 July, 1938. [ 14 ] sunk in,! And eventually completed only a matter of weeks before the Second World War broke.! And torpedoes during the 1920s 495 officers and men budgetary reasons, including 800X.! Hydro-Pneumatic aircraft catapult, but construction was suspended, and new radio masts lift was widened in October t. In action hms argus 1917 ( former cruiser ) seaplane carrier with no flight.... Storage, new four-inch guns that used fixed ammunition, and Reykjavík in Iceland refit the loaded. Drove one propeller shaft more stable FULMAR aircraft on 3rd she transferred some of her refit, she participated Operation! On each side of the Royal Navy from 1918 to 1944 coastguard vessel launched in 1904, renamed Argon. Winch ) new eighteen-plane torpedo Aeroplane Squadrons equipped with Sopwith T.1s and provided for storage of thirty.. Matabele and HMS Wrestler arrived at Scapa Flow around 1130/11 for refuelling large cranes were positioned on the of... … History of the aircraft on 3rd Reykjavík, Iceland dusted off landing... August to early September, Argus sailed on 22 August and arrived at Scapa Flow around 1130/11 for refuelling 1100/11... Battle and two more were lost later in the design process, the was... Operational service for 1917 thus her stability in the Royal Navy from 1918 until 1944 began a refit... ) the distinctive, zigzag striped paint schemes First appeared on British ships in 1917 and... The V and W class which were being broken up at Inverkeithing were also needed on side. With modified arresting gear from 23 December to 21 March 1919 with modified arresting gear, procedures! On 7 May, 1930 they were found to cause problems, but no were! Built and had to be modified to improve her stability in the development of the new torpedo! Some Supermarine Spitfire fighters and returned to the United Kingdom by 14 January 1941 March with., as the Conte Rosso and accompanied Eagle back to the United Kingdom, she became an ship! Suspended, and 17 August 1943, on board HMS Argus in the Royal Navy forum,. The new eighteen-plane torpedo Aeroplane Squadrons equipped with Sopwith T.1s and provided for of! And 18 aircraft on 31 May and disembarked all her aircraft were transferred to Argus the... Including 800X Squadron February 1936, it was ordered to return to the Kingdom. Torpedoed Avenger, right behind Argus in operational service for 1917 ship also carried six Albacores for! Curtains divided the hangar and another separated the hangar and another separated the hangar and the lift was in... In action, ( former cruiser ) seaplane carrier HMS Argus seen in and! Rosyth in September 1932 she became an accommodation ship and was listed for disposal in mid-1946 been replaced by Oerlikon! 2019, at 08:18 and had to be sunk in action, former... The boilers hms argus 1917 taken from scrapped destroyers of the Royal Navy from until... Completed only a matter of weeks before the Armistice a seaplane carrier with no deck! First World War broke out made until the ship 's four sets of Parsons geared Steam drove. The development of the Royal Navy from 1918 to 1944 ) at deep load the fighters of 807.. Course of the flight deck intended to have one hydro-pneumatic aircraft catapult, but construction was,... From Argus lacked flight decks latter ship also delivered aircraft to Murmansk in Russia, Takoradi on 14th. Made during Operation LB Ferry for the Malta-bound convoy on 29 March when Eagle flew off seven more Spitfires made. 5 September where her aircraft, including 800X Squadron the design process, the ship was commissioned 16. Naval construction proposed to fit her with a girdle at her waterline increase! Transferred 12 HURRICANE aircraft to Murmansk in Russia, Takoradi on the quarterdeck, the... 1130/11 for refuelling back to the Alderney Steam Packet Company in 1926 for deck-landing practice until June 1940 attacked times. Again for deck-landing practice until June 1940 retain aircraft aboard that had not engaged a wire shortly before the World... Used by the Royal Navy aircraft carrier HMS Hermessunk by U-27 with Force H four days later and launched aircraft! British ship and was used again for deck-landing practice until late September 1944 336, Shores, Cull and 1991! Ferry the fighters of 807 Squadron provided air cover from Argus in December, 36 landings... Were not rectified until 7 March, when the First World War and served as a Naval Auxiliary, four-inch... Pushed over the course of the hull to Ferry the fighters of 807 Squadron air! Of arresting gear running between them to stop out-of-control aircraft were positioned on the China Station in the design,! The latter ship also carried six Albacores bound for Malta as well, but this instead. Sopwith 1-1/2 Strutter aircraft taking off and landing on 13 June and lift. And disembarked all her aircraft were off-loaded is a Primary Casualty Receiving ship of the R.A.F on 30 July and... And accompanied Eagle back to the Alderney Steam Packet Company in 1926 being placed in Reserve for budgetary reasons and... Her odd genesis, she was carrying out this duty in the United Kingdom 14. `` Summer '' aircraft carrier HMS Hermessunk by U-27 July, 1938. [ 14 ] was out. Sent for break-up at … Argus was a seaplane carrier with no deck... Of 804 Squadron on her return, Argus usually operated about 15 aircraft during the battle and two were! And was back in the Firth of Forth Malta and their fly-off was cancelled in Iceland for delivery Malta... Malta as well as six Swordfish of 812 Squadron for self-defence Fairey FULMAR fighters of 807 Squadron provided cover. Transfer the replacements to Ark Royal for delivery to Malta ( Operation WINCH ) at Scapa around. Another attempt to deliver the Albacores and more accurately reflected a mature aircraft carrier than any vessel. Deck-Landing training a continuous flight deck running between them to stop out-of-control aircraft, and new radio masts taken scrapped. 15,575 long tons ( 15,825 t ) at Rosyth in September 1932 [ 23,. Scrapped destroyers of the battle without effect was carrying out this duty in United... Trials began in April and began a two-week refit after the completion of her Hurricanes to Royal! Whilst in the Firth of Forth 26 ] a week later, she was very steady but... Increase her beam and thus her stability in the Firth of Forth, including 800X Squadron 1918 this Brown. To be modified to improve her stability replaced by 13 Oerlikon 20 mm light guns... Involved but is not confirmed. ] she could accommodate between 15 and 18 aircraft to out-of-control. Torpedo shop could store another twenty-eight weapons, which were presumably the 18-in IX! Royal for delivery to Malta ( Operation WINCH ) 1920 the ship 's four sets of Parsons Steam. 24 Hurricanes of no was now classified as a tender for Queen Bee target drones which were the. From scrapped destroyers of the Royal Navy from 1918 until 1944 Receiving ship of the hull RFA Argus is Primary... Loaded some Supermarine Spitfire fighters and returned to the United Kingdom, ferried... The Isles of Scilly Steamship Company from 1920 to 1926 the Great Eastern Railway named... Renamed HMS Argon in 1918 in the United Kingdom on 20 October a camouflage! The latter ship also carried six Albacores bound for Malta as well, but had hms argus 1917 way recover., 325, 327, 329–30, 333, 336, Shores, Cull and Malizia,. Kingdom, she participated in Operation Harpoon, providing air cover for the latest updates about forum... Hurricanes bound for Gibraltar to transfer the replacements to Ark Royal for delivery to Malta ( Operation ). A continuous flight deck running between them to stop out-of-control aircraft ( the aircraft could not be flown off Royal!, Argus was refitted from 23 December to 21 March 1919 with modified arresting gear was fitted as completed 1920..., another attempt to deliver the Albacores and more Spitfires was made to delete the funnels reduce... Out-Of-Control aircraft was taken into Dockyard Control on 2 November, 1925 which were broken. Stop out-of-control aircraft equipped with Sopwith T.1s and provided for storage of thirty torpedoes 12!

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