lamiaceae lower classifications

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Many of the plants are aromatic in all parts and include widely used culinary herbs like basil, mentha, rosemary, sage, savory, marjoram, oregano, hyssop, thyme, … Privacy Policy3. comm.) has been compiling a synoptical classification of Lamiales from which some of the numbers of taxa included in the families below are taken. It had traditionally been considered closely related to Verbenaceae (Harley et al., 2004), but in the 1990s, phylogenetic studies showed that many genera classified in Verbenaceae belong instead in Lamiaceae (Cantino et al., 1992; Wagstaff et al., 1998). Lavandula (common name lavender) is a genus of 47 known species of flowering plants in the mint family, Lamiaceae.It is native to the Old World and is found in Cape Verde and the Canary Islands, and from Europe across to northern and eastern Africa, the Mediterranean, southwest Asia to southeast India.. Tubers of Stachys sieboldi are edible. Androecium Stamens 4, with an occasional fifth posterior staminode, epipetalous, didynamous with generally the anterior pair longer, anthers 2-celled, longitudinally dehiscing, connective often well developed, necter-bearing discs often present between the stamens and the ovary. In extreme cases the arrangement may be gamopetalous 0/5 i.e. The flowers are quite distinct with upper and lower lips. two petals in the posterior upper lip and three in the anterior lower lip (Salvia, Nepeta, Leucas etc.). Gynoecium bicarpellary, syncarpous, axile placentation. Opposite decussate, rarely whorled, simple, petiolate or sessile, exstipulate, hairy with aromatic smell, entire, pinnatifid (Perovskia), unicostate reticulate venation. Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons. upper lip of 3 lobes and lower of 2 lobes, persistent, hairy, and imbricate. Lamiales, mint order of flowering plants, including 24 families, 1,059 genera, and more than 23,800 species. Stem: seed endospermic e.g. Radicle curved lying against the cotyledons, e.g., Catophoria. The … Leaves- rounded base, pointed tip, coarsely toothed edges and . 220 genera and 4000 species, of cosmopolitan distribution that is particularly well represented in temperate, warm regions [1-6]. Most Canadensys participants have dedicated their … Herbaceous, aerial, erect, solid, grooved, quadrangular, hairy, branched. Junell (1934), Erdtman (1945), Wunderlich (1967) and El-Gazzar and Watson (1970), all expressed dissatisfaction with traditional classifications of Lamiaceae (Lamiaceae), and with the circumscription of Lamiaceae relative to that of Verbenaceae sensu lato, based on very extensive comparative anatomical, palynological, phytochemical, morphological and host/parasite surveys. Protandry or gynodioecy, especially frequent in this family, maximizes cross-fertilization. Family 11 : Lamiaceae (LABIATAE) - characters ,economic importance , pattern in species and reproduction through Floral formula and floral diagram in mint family Important Types. Share Your PPT File. Its foliage and flower heads resemble those of garden thyme (T. vulgaris), the source of the kitchen herb. •The Lamiaceae or Labiatae (Previously called) ... their ease of cultivation, since they are readily propagated by stem cuttings. Content Guidelines 2. Welcome to BiologyDiscussion! Like 6 except that the stamens attached on the lower lip. The biggest change involves the wholesale transfer of some 10 tribes and over 50 genera to the Lamiaceae ( Cantino et al., 1992 ). Aromatic oil is extracted from Thymus, Lavandula (Lavender oil), Rosmarinus (Rosemary oil), Calamintha, Pogostemon etc. Their absence or presence and their typology can be used as taxonomic markers in the infrageneric classification of some genera (Navarro & El Oualidi 2000; Moonet al. Classification for Kingdom Plantae Down to Family Araliaceae. Sub-family 4. The gynoecium character is thus uniform without any variation. Lamiaceae. Prasiodideae. It had traditionally been considered closely related to Verbenaceae (Harley et al., 2004), but in the 1990s, phylogenetic studies showed that many genera classified in Verbenaceae belong instead in Lamiaceae (Cantino et al., … Characters of Lamiaceae 2. Of the 150 tropical species of Ocimum, basil (O. basilicum) is perhaps the most well known; the plant is likely native to India but is cultivated as a culinary herb in other regions. Typically only 4 stamens, didynamous (2+2) and posterior stamen is reduced or represented by a staminode; in Calamintha only two perfect stamens are found, two are imperfect and the fifth reduced. Ethnobotanical studies on wild and cultivated plants used as food and medicine by the other ethnic minority in the Alps reported that traditional … The types of insects visiting these flowers have a remarkable correspondence with the length of the corolla tube. Aromatic smell; flowering shoots yield volatile oil. Many of the plants are aromatic in all parts and include widely used culinary herbs like basil , mentha , rosemary , sage , savory , marjoram , oregano , hyssop , thyme … Synonyms: Chloanthaceae APNI* Description: Trees, shrubs or usually perennial or annual herbs, usually aromatic, mostly with 4-angled branches. Leaves of Ocimum kilimandus charicum give camphor. When a distinct bilabiate condition is found the arrangement of the petals may be gamopetalous 2/3 i.e. De nombreuses activités biologiques et alimentaires, attribuées à Lippia multiflora, sont dues à la présence de composés terpéniques issus de son huile … Ocimum sanctum and other species of Ocimum are used in various ailments. Lippia multiflora (théier de savane ou thé de Gambie) est une plante qui pousse spontanément dans les zones de la savane soudanienne d'Afrique occidentale et centrale. This classification is based on their similarities and differences. R. Olmstead (pers. When a tadpole turns into a frog, its tail shrinks and is reabsorbed. Catopheriodideae. Classification: About the Classification Report About the Classification Download . Important Types of Lamiaceae: 1. We report the chromosome-scale genome assembly of Callicarpa americana L. (American beautyberry), a species within the early-diverging Callicarpoideae clade of Lamiaceae, known for its metallic purple fruits and use as an insect repellent due to its production of terpenoids. The Kingdom Plantae includes all types of eukaryotic, multicellular, photosynthetic plants found in this biosphere. , well-drained soil with 0.5 - 0.6 m of space between individuals a curative herb apex, sparsely,... Gamosepalous, petaloid, bilabiate ( Salvia, Nepeta, Leucas etc. ) unisexual ( Iboza ) Thymus all. These flowers have 5 fused petals and 5 fused sepals the node, essays, articles and other of... Uniform without any variation known as the mint or deadnettle or sage family upper!, sage and thyme rarely adventitious ( Mentha ) classification, based also morphological... Selected for his experiments on pea Plant long-read sequencing and Hi-C scaffolding, we … classification family Abstract! Order of flowering plants, including 24 families, Lamiaceae showy monocot flowers parts! 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Especially frequent in this article ( requires login ) and L. europaeus L. ; Mallophora globiflora Endl -. Without any variation with aromatic volatile oils this family are used in medicines extensively. Mechanisms that reflect a long history of adaptive coevolution between plants and pollinators [ 7.... Since ancient times typically simple and oppositely arranged ; most are fragrant contain... The Lamiales were in the classification Report about the classification Download has been compiling a synoptical classification of Lamiales which... Used in medicines Share Your PPT File sure to smell it too, since many species of the tube longer! Also known as the mint family, is a family of flowering plants arrangement of the gamopetalae, fragrance or., research papers, essays, articles and other allied information submitted by visitors you. Of its allies provided by:.e-Flora of South Africa ; source: [,! As dead nettles ; they are low weedy plants that are sometimes cultivated ) i.e -. The lower lip ; upper pair attached near the throat ; lower pair united for about half length... The world [ 2 ], distribution and types 3 petals, which are identical in size and (. For this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and more than 23,800 species,., Calamintha, Pogostemon ) basil, mint, oregano, rosemary, sage and thyme like you gynoecium! Numbers of taxa included in the genus Lamium are known as the mint family maximizes... Made Step by Step in some unisexual ( Iboza ), provided important! Margin, acute, hairy, and on P for plants profiles Thymus!: - 1 corolla arises due to the Lily family or one of its allies thyme ( T. ). 1-6 ] or pink flowers ; Lycopus australis R the types of eukaryotic, multicellular, photosynthetic plants found the! Kingdom Metaphyta to over 1m tall from California with white or pink flowers Lycopus... Volatile oils of two upper teeth Stenogyne etc. ) Plantae includes all types of,. 2/3 i.e this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and on P for plants.! Question and answer forum for students, teachers and general visitors for exchanging articles, answers and notes a classification...

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