The scientific name for the Chestnut blight is “Endothia parasitica.” Herman W. Merkel, a forester at the Bronx Zoo, was the first to notice the blight on the American chestnut trees at the New York Zoological Garden. The American chestnut tree survived all adversaries for 40 million years, then disappeared within 40. : Canadian Journal of Plant Pathology, vol. The chestnut blight has been called the greatest ecological disaster to strike the world’s forests in all of history. The Chestnut Blight Shortly after 1900, the American Chestnut trees were dying. Chestnut Blight: Cryphonectria parasitica Chestnut blight is caused by the fungus Cryphonectria parasitica and infects American chestnut trees (Castanea dentata) throughout the United States and Canada. Once a major tree The scientific name of these trees mollissima has been derived from young leaves and the softly downy shoots. The demise of the American Chestnut tree was caused by the Chestnut Blight fungus (Cryphonectria parasitica [Murrill] Barr) (Previous scientific Derivation of name: This fungus was first described in 1869 by Berkeley and Curtis from specimens collected by Judge Thomas M. Peters (1810 Chestnut blight in Ontario: past and present Journal/Book Name, Vol. Common Name: Sweet Chestnut Scientific name : Castanea sativa Introduction: The Sweet Chestnut is a large deciduous tree that can grow up to 35m tall and has a lifespan of 700+ years. Scientific names are presented in taxonomic groupings to the Order, except for the Monera and Barr Preferred Common Name blight of chestnut Other Scientific Names Diaporthe parasitica Murrill … Sweet chestnut blight can kill a tree within a few years, but it seems to be slow moving here in the UK. Scientific Name: Castanea mollissima Family Name: Fagaceae Description: Chinese Chestnut is a medium size deciduous tree with an apple tree-like growth habit. Infections seem to stay within planted populations of infected … At this stage, chestnut blight is easily confused with ink disease (caused by Phytophthora cambivora). Preferred Scientific Name Cryphonectria parasitica (Murrill) M.E. Chestnut blight was actually preceded by another exotic fungal disease, Phytophthora cinnamomi, which infested southern populations of American chestnut and the related Allegheny chinkapin as early as 1824 (Crandall et al. The Chestnut blight is a fungus which is also called the chestnut bark disease. Chestnut blight is a fungal pathogen from Asia. The American Chestnut can be best identified by the larger and more widely spaced saw-teeth on the edges of its leaves, as indicated by the scientific name dentata, Latin for “toothed”. Common name, scientific name Learn with flashcards, games, and more — for free. The scientific name for this is Cryphonectria Parasitica (Murril) Barr. It turns out that Asian chestnuts, and to a lesser extent the European chestnut, C. sativa , are resistant to the fungus because they somehow seem to have teamed up with a virus that weakens it. Camarops petersii Scientific name: Camarops petersii (Berk. However, C. parasitica causes a definite canker or dead patch on the stem or trunk, below which the branches have healthy foliage; after a short time, adventitious shoot production is stimulated on the stem below this dead patch. Over in Asia where the blight evolved together with Asian chestnuts, selective pressure conferred resistance in those species. The scientific name for this is Cryphonectria Parasitica (Murril) Barr. Chestnut Bark Disease 1164 Words | 5 Pages The Chestnut blight is a fungus which is also called the chestnut bark disease. C. dentata can be best identified by the larger and more widely spaced saw-teeth on the edges of its leaves, as indicated by the scientific name dentata , Latin for "toothed". There’s one more interesting possibility for fighting the chestnut blight that is being explored by the American Chestnut Foundation and other scientists: biocontrol. It is thought that the fungus, commonly known as the chestnut blight, was accidentally brought to the United States around 1900. Gibberella Stalk & Ear Rot, Seedling Blight of Corn Ascomycetes 1945). & M.A. Diseases Diseases do not have “scientific” names like organisms, and there is no formal mechanism for assigning or sanctioning disease names. & H.W. The leaves, which are 5.5 – 8 inches long No. It is characterised by the appearance of 'bleeding … Chestnut blight Chestnut blight Scientific Name Cryphonectria parasitica Scientific Author (Murrill) M.E.
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